Different Types of Black, White and Grey Birds On Earth

We are back with another exhilarating post where we will talk about some tricolor birds, and this time the colors will be all-time favorites, Black, White, and Grey. In this article, we will talk about the different types of birds that are black, white, and grey found in various parts of the world. So, now without spending much time on chatting, let’s deep dive into the list. Also, if you love this article, feel free to share and comment.

Types of Black, White and Grey Birds On Earth

1. Black-Capped Chickadee

Black Capped Chikadee
Black Capped Chikadee
Scientific Name Poecile atricapillus
Size 12-15 centimeters
Diet Insects mainly caterpillars, sunflower seeds
Life Span 2-3 years
Geographic Location North America

Black Capped Chickadees are one of the most common birds that one can see, especially around bird feeders. Along with a black cap and bib, they have facial sides white while the underparts are rusty to white.

 The wings exhibit a mix of black, grey, and white colorations. Black Capped Chickadees will not only hide seeds for later consumption but can also remember up to 1000 such hiding spots.


2. Loggerhead Shrike

Loggerhead Shrike
Loggerhead Shrike
Scientific Name Lanius ludovicianus
Size 8-9 inches
Diet Insects, spiders, reptiles, bats, other birds
Life Span 7-8 years
Geographic Location Southern Canada, USA, Mexico

Loggerheads Shrikes come with a black mask around their eyes and black wings, along with grey backs and pale white underparts. Despite being a predatory species, Loggerheads have weak talons.

However, their larger necks compensate for this, and they often kill their prey with whiplash injuries. Since the 1960s, North America has witnessed a sharp decline in the population of these birds, and the IUCN currently lists it as Near Threatened.


3. White Breasted Nuthatch

White Breasted Nuthatch
White Breasted Nuthatch
Scientific Name Sitta carolinensis
Size 6 inches
Diet Insects and Seeds
Life Span 2 years on average
Geographic Location North America

The next species on this list of Back, White, and Grey birds is the White Breasted Nuthatch. These birds display a tricolor plumage, with dark grey and black colors making up the wingswhite underparts, and black crown and upper back.

Though it may be the general coloration, it varies significantly among its various sub-species distributed throughout the continent.


4. Dark-Eyed Junco

Dark Eyed Junco
Dark Eyed Junco
Scientific Name Junco hyemalis
Size 5-6.9 inches
Diet Seeds and occasionally insects
Life Span Up to 11 years
Geographic Location North America

The Dark Eyed Junco are small black, white and grey birds that migrate to the North of the continent during spring.

They are available throughout the continent and generally have dark grayish to blacking upper parts, like the wings, head, and shoulders, while the underparts, like the belly region, are mostly white.

Dark Eyed Juncos have several sub-species, each with their respective plumage variations. Migration is mostly dependent on the location of the subspecies, as only those birds that stay high up in the North travel to the South during winter, and retreat during spring, which is their breeding season.


5. Black-throated Grey Warbler

Black-throated Grey Warbler
Black-throated Grey Warbler
Scientific Name Setophaga nigrescens
Size 5 inches
Diet Insects like caterpillars
Life Span 4-5 years
Geographic Location Western North America, Pacific Coast

Except for a little patch of yellow that is present right above and in front of the bird’s eye, the Black-throated Gray Warbler has a distinctive monochromatic appearance.

Black-throated warblers are small grey birds with black and white striped heads, with the stripes confluence at the base of the beak.

The shoulders are grey, while the wings have white and black feathers. Despite being a migratory warbler, its numbers are currently unaffected by anthropogenic activities.


6. Laughing Gull

Laughing Gull
Laughing Gull
Scientific Name Leucophaeus atricilla
Size 14-16 inches
Diet Fish, aquatic invertebrates
Life Span 15-22 years
Geographic Location Atlantic coasts USA, Mexico and South America

 The next bird in this list of Black, White, and Grey birds is a grey bird with a black head and white body the Laughing Gull. Their wings are grey, while the tail feathers are black.

Plumages vary as they grow from their juvenile stage to adulthood. Laughing Gulls, whose population hit rock bottom in the 19th century, are now a bird of Least Concern, thanks to conservation efforts.


7. Black-Crowned Night Heron

Black Crowned Night Heron
Black Crowned Night Heron
Scientific Name Nycticorax nycticorax
Size 22.5-26 inches long
Diet Fish, earthworms, mussels, squids, carrion, small rodents, landfill refuse
Life Span 20 years
Geographic Location Worldwide distribution

Compared to previous Black, white, and grey birds, Black Crowned Night Heron has quite a cosmopolitan distribution.

Also known as the Black-capped heron, these birds have pale grey wings, black backs, and whitish to the pale white body. These black, grey, and white birds are migratory, fly south for wintering, and fly back north in spring during the months of March-May.


8. Blacksmith Lapwing

Blacksmith Lapwing
Blacksmith Lapwing
Scientific Name Vanellus armatus
Size 31 centimeters high
Diet Worms, mollusks, insects like ants and crustaceans
Life Span 10-20 years
Geographic Location Southern and Eastern Africa

Taking into view the previous birds on this list, the Blacksmith Lapwing, is, without a doubt possesses one of the most striking plumages that have a white crown, black head, and throat, with body and wings having a mix of black, grey, and white.

Blacksmith Lapwings gets its name from its alarm call, which resembles a blacksmith’s hammer when it’s striking a metal. 


9. Black Shouldered Kite

Black Shouldered Kite
Black Shouldered Kite
Scientific Name Elanus caeruleus
Size 14
Diet Insects, rodents, snakes, birds
Life Span 6 years
Geographic Location Sub-Saharan Africa, Tropical Asia, Europe

Black Winged Kites are one of the small species of raptors that have black shoulders and grey wings and tails. The rest of the body is white, with a black border around its bright red eyes.

The IUCN currently lists them as a species of Least Concern. Due to their similar appearance, people often confuse the Black Shouldered Kite with its Australian relative, bearing the same name.


10. Common Tern

Common Tern
Common Tern
Scientific Name Sterna hirundo
Size 12-14 inches
Diet Fish
Life Span 9-10 years
Geographic Location Europe, Asia, North America

Common Terns have long wings, a quite distinctive forked tail, and slender bodies. Adult birds have a white body, a black crown on their forehead, and grey wings.

These black, grey, and white birds mate in the northern hemisphere during summer, and then migrate to tropical or subtropical waters in the winter and then fly back north in spring.

Common Terns display graceful and acrobatic flying, which involves lingering in the air before diving into the water.


11. Demoiselle Crane

Demoiselle Crane
Demoiselle Crane
Scientific Name Grus virgo
Size 33.5-39.5 inches
Diet Lizards, amphibians, mammals, seeds
Life Span 27 years
Geographic Location Southern and Central Asian countries like China, India


Next up on this list of black, grey, and white birds, we have the smallest of the crane species, the Demoiselle Crane.

With white and grayish backs and feathers, black throats, and loosely hanging feathers down the throat, Demoiselle Cranes take one of the toughest migratory routes in the entire animal world.

In the Indian culture, Demoiselle Cranes hold great cultural significance, especially in North India, where they are known as koonj.


12. White Wagtail

White Wagtail
White Wagtail
Scientific Name Motacilla alba
Size 16-19 centimeters
Diet Insects
Life Span 12 years
Geographic Location Europe, Asia, North Africa

White Wagtails are grey birds with black and white heads. The shoulders are grey while the wings are white and grayish brown. The chin is black, while the underparts are white.

White Wagtails are currently listed as a species of Least Concern by the IUCN. Their distinctive ‘tsee-tsee’ call can easily help to identify this bird in the wild.


13. White Naped Crane

Scientific Name Antigone vipio
Size 44-49 inches long, 4.3 feet high
Diet Insects, roots, plants, seeds
Life Span 15 years
Geographic Location Mongolia, China

White Naped Cranes have quite a distinctive appearance with a white head, neck, and nape, and black throats and mask around the eyes.

The wings and shoulders display a gradient of lighter and darker grey colorations. Though being regarded for their striking courtship dance, White Naped Cranes are now a vulnerable species, with less than 5000 individuals left in the wild.


14. Wattled Crane

Wattled Crane
Wattled Crane | Credit: Charles J. Sharp (commons.wikimedia) CC BY-SA 4.0
Scientific Name Grus carunculata
Size 16 inches tall
Diet Aquatic invertebrates, crustaceans, plants, amphibians
Life Span 20-30 years
Geographic Location Ethiopia, Zambia, Botswana

The second last bird on this list of black, white, and red birds is the second largest crane species, the Wattled Crane.

The crown is grey, the neck and the upper back are white, and the wings are grey and black. Habit degradation has resulted in a sharp decline in their population and is currently listed as a vulnerable species by IUCN.


15. Grey Butcherbird

Scientific Name Cracticus torquatus
Size 10.5-11.5 inches
Diet Insects, lizards, fruits, and seeds
Life Span 8-15 years
Geographic Location Australia

Grey Butcherbirds are small black, white, and grey birds that have quite a distinctive plumage. The head is black, while the wings are grey and black. The underparts, especially the belly region, come in a mix of grey and white. Often due to their body size and beaks, people confuse them with kingfishers.

Now, it’s time to conclude this list of Black, Grey, and White birds. We will be back with many more interesting articles. Until then, you may go through our other articles on the website.

References:

Allaboutbirds- Black Capped Chikadee

Audobon.org- White Wagtail

Wildfowl Photography- Wattled Crane


Also Read:

Leave a Comment