Nature’s diversity never ceases to amaze us, and the animal kingdom is home to a multitude of captivating creatures. They all have their names which give us an idea about the animal.
Among them are animals whose names begin with the word “wood,” which evokes images of forests, trees, and woodlands.
Animals that Start with Wood
|Scientific name||Marmota monax|
|Size||16-26 inches long|
|Habitat||Forests, meadows, fields|
|Location||Eastern USA, Canada, Alaska|
|Diet||Grasses, berries, bark leaves, etc.|
Woodchuck, commonly known as the groundhog, is a medium-sized rodent, popular for their digging habits. They have short, bushy tails and strong, curved claws adapted for digging burrows.
Woodchucks have brown color fur, with a dense undercoat for insulation. They are excellent diggers and construct complex burrow systems with multiple entrances, and separate chambers for sleeping and waste disposal.
Woodchuck is a fascinating mammal that plays an important role in ecosystems through its burrowing activity. Its ability to predict the weather, more of a folklore, has captured a lot of limelight.
|Scientific name||Armadillidium vulgare|
|Habitat||Damp habitats like leaf litter, decaying wood etc.|
|Diet||Dead debris, leaf litter, etc.|
Next up, the animal that we are going to talk about in this list of Animals that Start with Wood is the Woodlouse.
The term louse is a misnomer, as it belongs to the crustacean group called Isopods, with a hard exoskeleton that enables them to retain their moisture.
Woodlouse plays a vital role in ecosystem processes by contributing to the decomposition of organic matter by feeding on dead plant material, fungi, and other organic debris.
This in turn helps to break down complex matter and recycle nutrients back into the soil.
|Scientific name||Dryocopus pileatus|
|Size||16-19 inches long|
|Habitat||Deciduous and Boreal Forests|
Woodpeckers have strong, chisel-like beaks, which they use to drill into trees for nesting and foraging. Their beaks are specifically adapted to deliver powerful strikes on wood, allowing them to extract insects, larvae, and sap from the trees.
The hyoid apparatus protects the brain from shocks by absorbing them. A unique adaptation seen in woodpeckers is their ability to cling to trees vertically, by using their strong feet and stiff tail feathers for support.
4. Wood turtle
|Scientific name||Glyptemys insculpta|
|Habitat||Forests, grasslands, near streams, rivers|
Next up in this list of Animals that start with Wood, we are going to talk about the Wood turtle. In the past few years, the reptile hobby has witnessed a skyrocketing demand for wood turtles, mostly for their beautifully patterned shells.
Wood Turtles are docile beings, and do not require large areas to keep. However, their demand in the pet trade and the exotic meat market has severely dwindled their population in the wild.
5. Wood bison
|Scientific name||Bison bison athabascae|
|Size||11 feet long, 6.5 feet tall|
|Habitat||Boreal forests of Canada, Alaska, British Columbia|
|Diet||Grasses, sedges, forbs|
The Wood Bison stands at the apex as one of the most powerful and largest mammals on the continent. A thick coat and powerful muscles enable the bison to survive in their habitat.
Extensive hunting and habitat loss once drove these majestic beings to the brink of extinction. Thanks to the extensive conservation efforts, the Bison population has made a remarkable comeback.
|Size||10-12 inches long|
|Habitat||lightly wooded forests|
|Location||eastern half of North America|
|Diet||Worms, snails, centipedes, millipedes, ants, beetles etc.|
Woodcocks are long-billed birds, quite cherished by birdwatchers for their enchanting courtship displays. The long bills help in probing the ground in search of earthworms and other invertebrates, while their plumage serves as an excellent camouflage.
Woodcocks are highly valued game birds in some regions and are subject to regulated hunting. However, conservation efforts have been implemented to ensure sustainable populations and protect their habitats.
7. Wood roach
|Scientific name||Parcoblatta pennsylvanica|
|Size||up to 1 inch long|
|Habitat||Moist wooded areas|
|Location||Eastern and central North America|
|Diet||Rotting organic matter, dead wood|
Wood roaches look quite different from regular household roaches, with a flattened, oval-shaped body and long antennae.
Typically brown or reddish-brown, they can easily blend in with the decaying leaves and bark of trees, their natural habitat, thus protecting them from predators.
Wood roaches are primarily nocturnal and feed on decaying organic matter, including dead leaves, wood, and plant debris. They play a crucial role in the ecosystem by aiding in the decomposition process and recycling.
|Scientific name||Lullula arborea|
|Size||13.5-15 centimeters long|
|Habitat||open spaces sparsely populated with trees|
|Location||Europe, Western Asia|
|Diet||Seeds, berries, insects|
Next up on this list of Animals that start with Wood, we have one of the favorite birds for bird enthusiasts, the Woodlark, known for its melodious songs.
Their plumage is predominantly brown, with intricate streaks and patterns that provide excellent camouflage in their natural habitat.
Loss of habitats like woodlands, and open grasslands to agriculture has led to a sharp decline in their population.
|Scientific name||Francisella tularensis|
|Habitat||Skin of humans and animals|
Better known as dog ticks, Wood ticks are arachnids infamous for their parasitic nature and their ability to transmit diseases to both humans and animals.
Wood ticks are typically found in grassy and wooded areas, where they wait on vegetation for a suitable host to pass by.
Several diseases, including Lyme disease and Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever, use Dog ticks as vectors.
10. Wood warbler
|Scientific name||Phylloscopus sibilatrix|
|Habitat||Deciduous and mixed woodlands|
A small passerine bird, Wood warblers are known for their vibrant plumage and beautiful song, which make them a rewarding sight for birdwatchers.
Their plumage mostly consists of yellow throat and breast, with olive green upperpart and pale underparts. Wood warblers are quite common in Europe, and the IUCN currently lists them as a species of Least Concern.
11. Wood pigeon
|Scientific name||Columba palumbus|
|Habitat||Parks, Gardens, Towns, Cities|
|Location||Eastern Parts of Europe and Western Asia|
|Diet||Vegetables, Acorns, Buds etc.|
Next up on this list of Animals that start with Wood, we have a widespread bird, the Wood Pigeon. This pigeon species is easily distinguishable by the presence of a round white patch on either side of their necks.
Their flight is accompanied by a loud clatter of wings, a common sound in the woodlands along with their cooing call.
12. Wood mouse
|Scientific name||Apodemus sylvaticus|
|Location||Europe and Northwestern Africa|
|Diet||Seeds, small insects, snails|
Wood mice are found in a diverse set of habitats, and are one of the most widespread rodents in Europe. Wood mice generally have a brownish fur, with a lighter underbelly.
The body is slender, with a long tail, that often surpasses their entire body length, and it gives them the agility and balance it needs to navigate in their habitats.
Wood mice are ecologically important as they not only act as effective seed dispersers but are prey to several predators like foxes, owls, snakes, etc.
13. Wood frog
|Scientific name||Rana sylvatica|
|Location||Georgia, Canada, Alaska|
Wood frogs are quite fascinating beings, with rough, brown, or reddish-brown skin with dark markings that help camouflage them in their woodland habitat. One of their distinctive features is the black mask-like marking that extends from their eyes to their shoulders.
Though they normally live in damp environments, they are well-adapted to survive in colder climates and are often one of the first frogs to emerge during the spring thaw, after a freezing winter.
Wood frogs have a unique ability to withstand freezing temperatures by producing a natural antifreeze-like substance that protects their cells from freeze damage.
14. Woodland Caribou
|Scientific name||Rangifer tarandus caribou|
|Size||1.0-1.2 meter tall|
|Habitat||Marshes, bogs, lakes and river regions|
The second last animal on this list of Animals that start with Wood is the Woodland Caribou, the other name being Boreal Caribou. The third largest member of the caribou ecotype, they prefer to live in lichen-rich habitats.
Woodland Caribous currently have several subspecies scattered throughout the continent, but scientists describe the “true” caribous to have a short darker mane and flat antlers.
Though its populations are stable, they are exposed to several threats like habitat loss and forest fires.
15. Wood Owls
|Scientific name||Strix sp.|
|Habitat||Woodlands and forests|
|Location||Asia, Europe, America|
|Diet||Rats, nice, hares, other birds, insects|
Wood Owls comprise all the species of owls that come under the Genus Strix. As the name suggests, Wood Owls are adapted to their life in the woods.
Wood owls are quite stocky birds, with a plumage that is usually cryptically colored, allowing them to blend seamlessly with the tree bark and foliage of their forest habitats.
Some species exhibit beautiful patterns of browns, grays, and blacks, providing excellent camouflage in their woody habitat.
Now, its tome to conclude this article on 15 Animals that start with Wood. We have many more articles covering a wide range of topics like insects, birds, reptiles, amphibians, mammals and many more, so do not forget to check them out. We will be back soon, so stay tuned. Until then, goodbye.
- A-Z Animals: Woodroach vs Cockroach
- RSBP.org – Woodpigeon
- Britannica- Wood Owl
A zoology student turned writer. Nature has always been a magnet to me, and to unearth some of its secrets through my articles is my prime intention. If not engaging myself with nature and anime content, you can always find me going through some Bengali classics or filling the air with some soulful Tabla beats. An artist, trying to throw some colors to my blank canvas of life.