How do Leopard Geckos see the world? Gecko vision vs Human vision Explained (2023)

Leopard Geckos are one of the most popular reptile pets that are native to the desert regions of India, Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Nepal. Many people love to pet them due to their skin contains beautiful xanthophores (yellow) and melanophores (black spots). But, have you ever wondered how Leopard Geckos see you or the world? How is its vision different than ours? If yes, then below is the answer.

Leopard Geckos have good eyesight and see the world in colors and details. They are nocturnal animals, which means their eyes have more rods than cones, allowing them to see much better in the dark. They can sense the environment 350 times better than humans at night.

In addition, Leopard Geckos are trichromatic by nature. They have three types of cones in their eyes that are sensitive to blue, green, and red colors. However, Geckos can perceive blue and green colors much better than red hues.

Here’s a brief answer to how Leopard Geckos see the world. Later on, we have explained this answer in detail. So, without any further delay. Let’s begin.

How do Leopard Geckos see the world?

Leopard Geckos have good eyesight compared to other gecko species. They are primarily dependent on their vision to search for food, sense predators, and select mates.

During the daytime, they cannot see much better corresponded to humans. However, at night, they visually glimpse their surroundings 350 times better than us.

The eyesight of diurnal geckos and nocturnal geckos are different. They evolve their vision depending on their habitat. And here we are discussing Leopard Geckos that are nocturnal by nature.

The eyes of Leopard Geckos are more concentrated on rods rather than cones. But the interesting fact is that they can also recognize colors even in the low light conditions.

Lizard Vision
Lizards can see in the dark without much clarity

Remember- Rods in the eyes help to perceive the light’s brightness and are responsible for seeing better in the low light condition. On the other hand, cones assist in recognizing the color shades and clarity.

Leopard Gecko’s Vision

The research was done on geckos in which researchers fed them with colored tongs under dim moonlight. Over the period, it was noticed in the difference in geckos’ behavior towards the particular colored feeding tong.

After that, they changed the color of the feeding tongs, and the result concluded that geckos could easily distinguish blues from greens but not orange from reds. The study also proved that geckos absorb violet, blue, and green wavelengths more than other high wavelength colors.

In addition, leopard geckos are primarily active during the time of dawn or dusk. It is because violet and blue mainly comprise the majority of the environment during this time, and they can see their surroundings more clearly.

Therefore, at that time, they carry out their major activities like searching for food and traveling.

Also, at night, leopard geckos can see much better with the help of light-sensitive rods in their eyes. Even in the complete darkness, they can sense the slightest movements. Also, it has been proved that Leopard Geckos cannot perceive either ultraviolet or infrared light.

But they need some UV light from the environment to keep themselves warm at night. Therefore, many Leopard Geckos’ owners use UVB bulbs for them.

Not only this, Leopard Geckos have excellent peripheral vision, but they find difficulty to focus on far entities. They are near-sighted, and their eyesight is very sensitive to moving objects. And for non-moving entities they witness the outline of shapes.

Are Leopard Geckos color blind?

No, Leopard Geckos are not colorblind. They can see fewer colors compared to humans. Leopard Geckos are trichromatic. It represents that they have three types of cones in their eyes that perceive small, medium, and large wavelength colors.

wavelength range
Wavelength range for different colors | Source | NC State

However, it is glimpsed that Leopard Geckos are less sensitive toward red hues. They have a visual system with absorption maxima from 380 nm to 570 nm wavelength. As the wavelength increases, their optical absorption reduces.

In addition, Leopard Geckos can see colors even in dim light. The higher rods ratio is spectacularly sensitive in the dark, granting them the ability to recognize colors in night vision. Also, during the day, geckos close their vertical pupils to tiny slips avoiding direct sunlight rays.

What colors can Leopard Geckos see?

Gecko vision vs Human vision
Gecko vision vs Human vision
Image Source | CathyKelfer @iStock

At best, Leopard Geckos can primarily see violet, blue and green shades from 380 nm to 570 nm wavelength. Also, their eyes are efficient in perceiving violet, blue and green color shades even in the dark. This is due to the presence of optics and the large cones that provides color vision at low light intensities.

Can Leopard Geckos see in the Dark?

Yes, Leopard Geckos can see 350 times better than humans in the dark. They are nocturnal reptiles; therefore, their eyes are more concentrated on the rods than cones.

They evolve their eyes to search for prey, travel, and carry out daily activities at night. Also, nocturnal geckos can sense the moving objects even in the complete darkness.

In a nutshell, they have better night vision than any other reptiles, which assists them in distinguishing the outlines of the stationary objects, as shown in the image above. To know more, visit the article below.

Must Read- Can Lizards see in the Dark?

Gecko vision vs Human vision

Gecko vision Human vision
Geckos are trichromatic. Humans are also trichromatic.
They perceive violet, blue, and green colors at best. We perceive blue, green and red colors at best.
They have better night vision. Humans are not able to see in the dark.
Geckos cannot recognize far objects with clarity. We can visually discern far objects with clarity.

Here, we conclude our article on “How do Leopard Geckos see the world” and explain the difference between¬†Gecko vision and Human vision.¬†We hope you like it. We will be back with another post. Till then, stay tuned with us and read articles given below.


Gecko vision by Science Direct

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