Glorifying 13 Green and Brown Ducks in Nature| Updated

We’re back with another post. Today we’ll look at many green and brown duck species seen in nature. While exploring my nearest lake, I came across a green duck species.

When I questioned several locals about it, they said it was a mallard. Curiosity drove me to learn more about these vibrant animals, and I discovered a list of them. I’ve compiled a list of thirteen amazing green and brown duck species for you to enjoy. So let’s get started.

13 Green and Brown Ducks found in nature

1. Mallard

Scientific name   Anas platyrhynchos 
Size   50 to 65 cm
Geographic location  Asia, Europe, Africa, North America, South America, and Oceania
Identification  Have bright green head and white neck collars 

You must have seen this green beauty in a nearby pond or lake. These versatile ducks are adapted to various habitats all across the world. Meet this mallard duck.

They exhibit sexual dimorphism in terms of hues. The males of this species have an unmistakably glassy bottle green head with a white collar that separates the head from the purple-tinged brown breast, whereas the females have brown plumage.

Extra-pair copulation is seen in this duck species.

2. Greater Scaup

Greater Scaup
Greater Scaup
Scientific name   Aythya marila
Size  39–56 cm
Geographic location  Europe, North America, and Asia
Identification   Male Scaup in Winters has a dark green-black head and neck and white flanks

The next green and brown duck species we have on our list is Aythya marila, commonly known as Greater Scaup. They were classified as one of the large duck species because of their typical length of 39 to 56 cm.

Males of this species are so beautiful; they have a dark head with a remarkable green sheen and a blackish brown breast with a white underside.

Females are brown with similar white markings on their wings. One can easily spot these beautiful birds in Europe, North America, and Asia.

3. Common Goldeneye

Common Goldeneye
Common Goldeneye
Scientific name   Bucephala clangula 
Size  15 to 20 inches
Geographic location   North America, Europe, and Asia
Identification   Have a dark head with greenish gloss and a circular white patch below the eye

This duck species possesses gorgeous golden-colored eyes, as its common name suggests. Males are stunning, with their bright green glossy black head and circular white patch below the eye.

They have the unusual ability to dive underwater in search of food. This species exhibits brood parasitism as well.

4. Mandarin Duck

Mandarin Duck
Mandarin Duck
Scientific name   Aix galericulata 
Size  41–49 cm
Geographic location   Asia, Europe 
Identification   Males have a white patch around their eyes and a crest of green on the top of their heads 

Here is the largest duck species in the world, Aix galericulata. The males of this duck species have such intriguing plumage that they not only amaze you but also spellbound you.

Males evolve so beautifully to attract their mates by their striking appearance, which includes a red beak, a white patch under the eye, reddish brown whiskers, and a crest of green on the top of their heads.

Mandarin ducks are found in a variety of habitats, including forests, wetlands, and rivers in Asia and Europe.

5. Wood duck

Scientific name   Aix sponsa 
Size  17-20 inches
Geographic location  North America, Europe
Identification  have an iridescent, bluish-green speculum 

A medium-sized duck of size 17 to 20 inches, Aix sponsa, made its place in the list of 10 remarkable green and brown duck species. Males have an iridescent green and purple head, a brownish breast, and prominent white patterns all over their bodies.

Their name, sponsa, means bride in Latin, and their fascinating look justifies the term. Because of their brilliant characteristics and colors, they are also known as the Picasso of ducks.

6. Common Teal 

Scientific name   Anas crecca
Size  34–43 cm
Geographic location  Europe, Asia, Africa, and North America
Identification   Have a green swatch just behind their eye

The Anas crecca is commonly known as the Common Teal or Eurasian Green Winged Tail because of its distinctive green patch of feathers on its wings.

This tiny dabbling duck weighs around 32 to 43 cm. Males of this species have a brown head with a wide green swatch behind the eye. They are highly gregarious, like to form large flocks, and fly very fast with rapid twists and turns.

The habitat of Anas crecca varies depending on the season and the region, from temperate regions to coastal areas.

7. Common Merganser

Scientific name   Mergus merganser
Size  58–72 cm
Geographic location  Europe, Asia, and North America
Identification  Have a dark green head and red bill 

Here comes our fish-eating duck, Mergus merganser, which is commonly known as Common Merganser in North America or Goosander in Europe.

Like other duck species, males in this species also show vibrant plumage. They have a white body and a dark black or brown head with green iridescence. Young ones show similar appearances to females.

Their normal sound is a deep, harsh croak, but during the mating season, males on display, as well as young, produce a delicate whistle.

8. Northern Shoveler

Scientific name   Spatula clypeata 
Size  48 cm
Geographic location  Europe, Asia, Africa, North America, and South America
Identification  have large shovel-shaped bill

You can find these dabbling duck species in Europe, Asia, Africa, North America, and South America. This duck is known for its large shovel- or spatula-shaped bill.

Males have iridescent green heads, whitish brown chests, and a blue shoulder patch in breeding plumage. Females have a mottled brown coloration with an orange and black beak.

Many Northern shovelers are migratory and migrate to the south in the winter. The bills are adapted in such a way that they filter the food in water, just like a sieve.

9. American Wigeons

Scientific name   Mareca americana 
Size  42–59 cm
Geographic location  Canada, the United States, Mexico, the West Indies, and the northernmost parts of South America
Identification  Have a pale blue bill with a black tip

The next green and brown ducks we have on our list are American wigeons, scientifically known as Mareca americana.

They can be found in Canada, the United States, Mexico, the West Indies, and the northernmost parts of South America, inhabiting freshwater lakes, ponds, marshes, and estuaries.

Talking about their appearance, as usual, males are more colorful than females; they have a green patch from their eye to their neck on their brown heads, while females are dull in color. They are robber ducks and are known to rob the food of diving water birds.

10. Bufflehead

Scientific name   Bucephala albeola 
Size   32 to 40 cm
Geographic location   North America
Identification  have a bulbous head with striking green and brown coloration

Bufflehead, as the name implies, due to their bulbous head appearance.

Green-winged teals are their biggest rivals in North America. Adult males are brown and white with iridescent green and purple hues and have a large white spot under the eye, which gives them a bulbous appearance, whereas females have a dull gray tone.

They live in small groups in which one of the ducks must be sentry and inform other dangers, like predators, etc.

11. Baikal Teal 

Scientific name   Sibirionetta formosa
Size  39–43 cm
Geographic location  eastern Siberia, Russia, Mongolia and North Korea
Identification  Have characteristic green and yellow facial pattern

A green and yellow facial pattern with a brownish hue, a spotted rose-pink breast, and drooping scapulars are some of the characteristic features of Baikal Teal.

They are also known as bimaculate ducks or squawk ducks. They often make specific noises, such as squeaks or whistles, to entice potential partners or to communicate.

Perhaps because they inhabit tall grasslands close to bodies of water, their typical diet consists of seeds, aquatic plants, and insects.

12. Falcated Duck

Scientific name   Mareca falcata
Size  46 to 53 cm
Geographic location  Southeastern Siberia, Mongolia, Northern China, and Northern Japan
Identification  have sickle-shaped tertial feathers over the tail

Just take a look at this type of duck and admire the exquisite creation of nature.

Their heads show an incredible coloration of green and brown with a white neck, and that dark green collar makes them more admirable.

They have characteristic sickle-shaped tertial feathers above the tail, as I have indicated in the table.

In contrast to males, females are much duller in color. Due to their omnivorous nature, they often consume seeds, grains, nuts, mollusks, crustaceans, and larvae.

13. Muscovy Duck  

Scientific name   Cairina moschata
Size  66 to 84 cm
Geographic location  Southern USA, Mexico, Argentina and Uruguay
Identification  a knob is present over the bill

The last duck we have on our list of green and brown ducks is a Muscovy duck. A wild Muscovy duck has an interesting look that you will find intriguing.

They are almost black in color, with an iridescent green and brown hue. Males have large white patches all over the body, whereas females have much more white patches.

They are multivoltine and breed about three times a year. They are frequently raised as domestic ducks because of their adaptability to a variety of environments and temperatures.


Here we conclude our article on green and brown duck species. In this article, we learned some interesting facts about these ducks, from feeding to coloration.

Males in almost all of the species are more colorful than females, which becomes a major advantage during breeding season to attract them. There is a lot to explore about these colorful creatures.

We will be back with another colorful article soon; until then, dive into the world of these ducks and appreciate them.

Also Read: