The lizard family is one of the most diverse in the animal kingdom, with nearly 7,000 recognized species. Diversity extends beyond differences in outward appearance to include dietary preferences and foraging strategies.
These critters are constants if you have a garden or a grassy area to relax. One could see one enjoying a fruit or insect snack or relaxing in the sun.
Body patterns in lizards are used for both inter and intra-specific recognition. This article will discuss 15 orange and black lizards from around the world.
Are There Any Orange and Black Lizards in Florida?
Yes, Florida has numerous lizard species, including orange and black varieties. The six-lined racerunner (Aspidoscelis sexlineata) is a common species recognized by its black body and six yellowish-orange stripes running down its back.
Other Orange and Black lizards that found in Florida are southeastern five-lined skink (Plestiodon inexpectatus), and ground skink (Scincella lateral)
List of 15 Orange And Black Lizards in The World
1. Gila Monster
|Scientific Name||Heloderma suspectum|
|Common Name||Gila Monster|
|Size||16-24 inches (41-61 cm)|
|Habitat||Desert scrublands, rocky areas, and canyons|
|Diet||Small mammals, birds, eggs, and occasionally carrion|
|Geographical Location||Southwestern United States and northwestern Mexico, including Arizona, Nevada, Utah, California, and Sonora|
Similar to the beaded lizards from further south, the head, back, and tail scales possess tiny pearl-shaped bones (osteoderms). There are no osteoderms on the belly scales.
Before laying their eggs, female Gila monsters undergo a complete shed that lasts for around two weeks. Frequently, the dorsal portion sheds in one hefty chunk.
In August, adult males typically shed their hair in smaller chunks. The young appear to be constantly losing skin. Adults have mostly black surfaces with yellow to orange hues. Hatchlings have a standardized, uncomplicated, and less vibrant pattern.
2. Leopard Gecko
|Scientific Name||Eublepharis macularius|
|Common Name||Leopard Gecko|
|Habitat||Arid and semi-arid regions, rocky deserts, and dry grasslands|
|Diet||Feed on crickets, mealworms, waxworms, and occasionally pinkie mice|
|Geographical Location||Afghanistan, Pakistan, and parts of India. They are also found in captivity worldwide as popular pets.|
The movable eyelids of leopard geckos set them apart from other geckos. No other gecko species have eyelids; they all use transparent membranes to protect their eyes.
Leopard geckos are relatively giant lizards due to their fat tails and broad heads. Captive-bred leopard geckos come in a wide variety of skin tones and patterns.
Leopard geckos have rough skin on their back and bellies but are smooth. Spots or thick horizontal ways similar to a leopard’s mark are standard.
3. Fire Skink
|Scientific Name||Mochlus fernandi|
|Common Name||Fire Skink|
|Habitat||Savannas, woodlands, and forests. They prefer abundant leaf litter, dense ground cover, and nearby water sources.|
|Diet||Variety of insects, including crickets, mealworms, waxworms, and roaches.|
|Geographical Location||West and Central Africa, including Nigeria, Cameroon, and Ghana.|
The fire skink can grow 37 cm (15 in) in length, making it one of the longest skink species (including tail). Its bright colors are the most striking feature of its appearance.
The fire skink’s back is covered in shiny gold scales, and its sides are marked with orange and black bars on a silver background. Males are typically stockier than females and have wider jaws and slightly flatter heads.
4. Gargoyle Gecko
|Scientific Name||Rhacodactylus auriculatus|
|Common Name||Gargoyle Gecko|
|Habitat||Gargoyle geckos are arboreal and are found in the tropical rainforests of New Caledonia.|
|Diet||Insects, fruits, nectars, and even small vertebrates.|
|Geographical Location||New Caledonia|
Commonly known as “horn lizards,” this lizard’s scientific name, auriculatus, comes from the Latin word for “ears” or “earned,” depending on the context.
At hatching, it measures only an inch from snout to vent and weighs 3 grams; by adulthood, it has grown to an average of 7 to 9 inches in length and 60 to 70 grams in weight.
This gecko also has small adhesive toe pads and a prehensile tail that can grow back if it gets lost. Most of these geckos can’t climb smooth surfaces like glass, despite their ability to grip vines, branches, and other obstacles.
They fall somewhere between the category of small and medium geckos.
5. Broad-headed skink
|Scientific Name||Plestiodon laticeps|
|Common Name||Broad-headed Skink|
|Size||8-13 inches (20-33 cm)|
|Habitat||Forested areas, rocky hillsides, and bluffs|
|Diet||Insects, spiders, and other invertebrates; occasionally small vertebrates|
|Geographical Location||Eastern United States, ranging from New York to Florida, west to Missouri and Texas|
The broad-headed skink gets its name from its broad jaws, which give the head a triangular shape. Adult males are brown or olive brown in color, with bright orange heads during the spring mating season.
Females, like the Five-lined Skink, have five light stripes running down the back and tail. They are distinguished by the presence of five labial scales around the mouth, whereas Five-lined skinks have only four. Juveniles are dark brown or black in color, with striped tails and blue tails.
6. Golden Tegu
|Scientific Name||Tupinambis teguixin|
|Common Name||Golden Tegu, Black and Gold Tegu|
|Habitat||Tropical rainforests, savannas, and grasslands. They prefer areas with high humidity, such as near water sources, and are often found near rivers and streams.|
|Diet||Fruits, insects, small mammals, and eggs.|
|Geographical Location||Brazil, Paraguay, Bolivia, and Argentina.|
Among the many names for the tegu species is “golden tegu,” which is also known as “common tegu,” “black tegu,” “Colombia’s black and white tegu,” and “tiger lizard” (in Trinidad).
Previously known by the synonym Tupinambis nigropunctatus, the name Tupinambis teguixin has been adopted.
Average adult gold tegus reach a length of 2.3 to 3.3 feet (60 to 100 centimeters), weigh 3.5 to 4.0 kilograms, and have a glossy body, strong limbs, and a thick tail.
Gold tegus can be found in the humid forests of Panama and the northern and central parts of South America. All over their bodies are black and gold stripes.
Fish, nesting eggs of birds, turtles, caimans, and sometimes even fruit and honey make up a small portion of their diet, along with insects, other invertebrates (like snails), small mammals, other reptiles (like smaller lizards and small snakes), and birds.
7. South Indian or Peninsular Rock Agama
|Scientific Name||Psammophilus dorsalis|
|Common Name||Black Spiny-tailed Iguana|
|Size||Up to 10 cm|
|Habitat||Rocky areas, scrublands, open forests|
|Diet||Insects, spiders, other small invertebrates|
|Geographical Location||India (Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Kerala)|
Young and females have an olive-brown coloration with dark brown spots, specks, or marbling along with a row of white, elongated patches running down either side of the back.
The male has yellowish-orange lips that extend as a strip past the ear, with pale brownish or orange color on the top of his head and back.
Below the eye, a black lateral stripe spreads out to encompass the lower sides. The throat is grey with a golden throat on the underside.
8. Oriental garden lizard
|Scientific Name||Calotes versicolor|
|Common Name||Oriental garden lizard|
|Size||Up to 39 cm (15 in)|
|Habitat||Trees, bushes, gardens, and parks|
|Diet||Insects, spiders, small vertebrates, and fruit|
|Geographical Location||Southeast Asia, India, Sri Lanka|
The male’s head and shoulders turn bright orange to crimson during the breeding season, and his throat turns black. Males will also turn red-headed after a successful battle with their opponents.
Both males and females have a crest that extends from the head to almost the tail, giving rise to their other common name, “crested tree lizard.”
They do not drop their tails (autotomy), unlike some other lizards, and their tails can be very long, stiff, and pointy. They shed their skins like other reptiles. Changeable lizards, like chameleons, can move their eyes in different directions.
9. Sungazer Lizard
|Scientific Name||Smaug giganteus|
|Common Name||Sungazer Lizard|
|Habitat||Rocky, grassy areas in the highveld regions of South Africa, particularly in the provinces of Mpumalanga, Limpopo, and Gauteng.|
|Diet||Insects, particularly ants, will also consume other invertebrates, such as spiders and scorpions.|
|Geographical Location||South Africa|
The sungazer is the most prominent sub-Saharan African lizard family member, the Cordylidae. It is also known as the giant girdled lizard, giant dragon lizard, ouvolk, and giant zonure.
Highveld grasslands in central South Africa are the only known home of this endangered species.
Based on a comprehensive molecular phylogeny of the Cordylidae, it was moved to the new genus Smaug in 2011, along with seven other species previously placed in the genus Cordylus.
10. Central Bearded Dragon
|Scientific Name||Pogona barbata|
|Common Name||Central Bearded Dragon|
|Habitat||Arid and rocky regions, including woodlands, scrublands, and deserts|
|Diet||Insects, small mammals, and plants|
|Geographical Location||Queensland, New South Wales, and Victoria.|
The head is triangular and quite large. Slenderness and dorsoventral flattening characterize the thorax and abdomen. An impressive “beard” of spiny, dark grey scales covers the throat and can be raised.
The back of the head, the corners of the mouth, the openings to the external ears, and the posterior surfaces of both sides of the abdomen all feature clusters of even longer spiny scales.
Skin color can range from orange to grey-black to brown to yellow-brown to dark brown. Young animals have more subtle patterns and are generally paler in color than their mature counterparts.
The animal’s forehead gradually takes on a light yellow, blue, or green hue as it ages. A yellowish-to-orange shade can be seen on an excited creature’s head, flanks, and legs.
However, they are typically dark, ranging from orange to grey and black. The mucosa, or mouth lining, is generally a vibrant orange.
11. Green Iguana
|Scientific Name||Iguana iguana|
|Common Name||Green Iguana|
|Size||Up to 6 feet (1.8 meters)|
|Habitat||Forests, jungles, and riversides|
|Diet||Herbivorous, eats leaves, fruits, and flowers|
|Geographical Location||Central and South America, the Caribbean|
Despite their name, green iguanas come in a variety of colors and shapes. Green iguanas appear bluish in color with bold blue markings in southern countries of their range, such as Peru.
A green iguana’s color can range from green to lavender, black, and even reddish brown on islands such as Bonaire, Curaçao, Aruba, and Grenada.
Green iguanas from Costa Rica’s western region are red, while animals from northern ranges, such as Mexico, are orange. El Salvadoran juvenile green iguanas are frequently bright blue, but lose this color as they grow older.
12. Flame Crested Gecko
|Scientific Name||Correlophus ciliatus|
|Common Name||Flame crested gecko|
|Size||7-9 inches (18-23 cm)|
|Habitat||Trees and shrubs in rainforests, rocky outcrops, and grasslands|
|Diet||Insects, fruit, and nectar|
|Geographical Location||New Caledonia|
Flame morphs are one type of crested gecko. This is a one-of-a-kind variation that did not occur naturally; it was created through deliberate breeding efforts.
Flame crested geckos have two distinct colors. They have a base color that dominates their coloring and a contrasting second color that is much lighter than the base color.
The lizard’s limbs and sides will have little to no patterning, though the top may have some. Orange and yellow, yellow and cream, and black and orange are all popular Flame color combinations.
13. Rhinoceros Iguana
|Scientific Name||Cyclura cornuta|
|Common Name||Rhinoceros iguana|
|Habitat||Rocky, arid regions of the Caribbean islands, including the Dominican Republic and Haiti. They prefer dry forests, rocky hillsides, and coastal dunes.|
|Diet||Leaves, fruits, flowers, and insects. They may occasionally consume small vertebrates as well.|
|Geographical Location||Parque Nacional Jaragua and the Parque Nacional del Este.|
The rhinoceros iguana is a giant, heavy-headed lizard with powerful legs and a vertically flattened tail, typical of the genus Cyclura. A crest of sharply pointed horned scales is from the base of their neck to the end of their seat.
They all look the same drab shade of black-orange. Adults typically range in weight from 4.56 to 9 kilograms (10.1 to 19.8 lb). Rhinoceros iguanas, like all reptiles, are cold-blooded, meaning they need external sources to heat themselves; therefore, they migrate with the sun’s rays.
The snouts of these iguanas develop bony tubercles that are reminiscent of horns. Males have a large dewlap and a fatty pad in the shape of a helmet on the back of the head.
Like other Cyclura species, males of this species are significantly larger than females and feature more prominent, more pronounced dorsal crests and ‘horns’ as well as large femoral pores on their thighs, through which they release pheromones to attract a mate.
14. Moroccan Uromastyx
|Scientific Name||Uromastyx acanthinura|
|Common Name||Moroccan Uromastyx or Moroccan Spiny-tailed Lizard|
|Habitat||Deserts, semi-deserts, and rocky hillsides.|
|Diet||Leaves, flowers, and fruits. They also eat insects occasionally.|
|Geographical Location||North Africa, specifically in Morocco, as well as Algeria and Tunisia.|
The average length of a newborn or hatchling is 7-10 cm (3-4 in). Their dull, dark appearance in colder months is due to their darker pigmentation, which helps their skin absorb sunlight more efficiently.
However, their colors become lighter in warmer months, especially when basking, like many other reptiles.
Muscular and weighty, their spiked tail can be swung at an attacker with great speed, often accompanied by hissing and an open mouth display of (small) teeth.
Whenever possible, Uromastyx will sleep with their tails pointed away from the entrance to their burrows.
15. Six-lined racerunner
|Scientific Name||Aspidoscelis sexlineata|
|Common Name||Six-lined Racerunner|
|Habitat||Found in open, rocky areas with sparse vegetation, such as prairies, savannas, and rocky hillsides.|
|Diet||Insects, spiders, and other small invertebrates|
|Geographical Location||The central and eastern United States, ranging from Minnesota and Iowa to Texas and Florida.|
The six-lined racerunner is characterized by six vertical orange or green-yellow stripes running the length of its body.
Females typically have a white underbelly, while males have a pale blue one. Males can occasionally have a greenish tint to their throats. They have long, thin tails almost as long as their bodies.
- Wikipedia, Youtube
- Amazing types of lizard Outphoria
A writer who studied agriculture. Nature has always drawn me in, and my main goal in writing about it is to discover some of its secrets. You can usually find me reading Bengali and English masterpieces or filling the room with lovely music if I’m not engrossed in nature or anime material. I adore playing the guitar. I’m also that friend of yours who enjoys playing video games.